Solid Waste Policy and types of Non-Hazardous Solid Waste

These types of policies are essential in the effective management of waste and inputs are taken into consideration from government agencies, businesses, research organisations, citizens, community organisations and stakeholders. Environmental departments of all states in the U.S. are encouraged in the development and implementation of waste management.
Solid waste used to refer only to non-hazardous waste, but state regulations and (RCRA) Resource Conservation & Recovery Act identify hazardous waste under the same policy. Different types of non-hazardous solid waste are:
• Municipal Solid Waste – this includes not only household garbage, but also horticulture, road sweeping, commercial waste and institutional entities.
• Animal and Agricultural Waste – crop residue after harvest as well as secondary residues from fibre, feed and food production. Animal waste includes production operation waste, dead animals, wastewater, manure and urine and all waste generated from feedlots and farms. The mismanagement of animal waste causes environmental problems such as water pollution.
• Industrial Waste – Iron and steel, organic and inorganic chemicals, clay, stone, plastics and resins, concrete, glass, food, paper and pulp. The waste management of industrial waste are processed differently and apart from municipal solid waste as it is processed separately of landfilled.
• Treatment Waste – consists of metal scraps, coproducts, by-products or sludge. Sludge can be solid, liquid or semi-solid waste from municipal, industrial or commercial wastewater plant, air pollution facility or water supply treatment facility. Electric arc furnace dust is included as treatment waste. Scrap metal includes, scrap mobiles, machine shop turnings, metal tanks, containers, wire and sheet metal.
• Construction and Demolition Waste – All debris from demolitions, renovations and construction of roads, buildings and bridges. It is often heavy materials and proper waste management procedures must be adhered to for the improvement of resources.
• Medical waste – materials from all health care facilities and includes funeral homes, blood banks, veterinarians, dentists physicians’ offices and laboratories.
• Special Waste – it has its own category because of human an environmental risks involved and includes; fossil fuel combustion, uranium waste, phosphate rock mining waste, gas and oil drilling oil production brine and muds, mining waste and cement kiln dust.