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Waste management

Waste management is the process by which the waste products emerging from the daily human activities are collected, segregated and then processed. Human activities in a day produce a large amount of waste. Wastes is to be managed effectively to preserve the environment and protect the natural resources. This management helps in recycling of the waste into useful products for utilization. Collection: This process involves collecting the waste materials from the residential areas and dumping in the landfills.  Landfills is vast piece of abandoned land far away from residential localities.  The waste materials collected is dumped in these places, from where they can be utilized for future activities. Segregation: Segregation of waste is done in to three categories namely recyclable, non-recyclable, and hazardous waste. Basic segregation of waste should start from the home itself. Recycling : Recyclable waste can then be transported to various industries to produce different products from them. Some example of this waste is paper, glass and wood. Hazardous waste materials are either dumped deep in the landfills, so as to reduce any harmful effect on the environment. Find out more about recycling here. Energy recovery: Biogas is produced from the organic waste such as dead plants, kitchen waste and animal fecal matters. These types of fuel are used for heating purpose in the boiler or for cooking in the kitchen. Find out more about biomass programs by clicking here. In summary, waste management helps in decreasing the consumption of natural...

Waste Management Companies

Public Waste Management companies are available in all countries offering the disposal of waste from businesses in an environmentally friendly manner. Managing waste the proper manner is crucial and experts assess the waste streams of businesses and develop the correct disposal and recycling solutions to business owners and home owners. Online websites will guide you to pick the correct and suitable waste management service for your area. Online services enable you to request the correct service with easily navigated website. Individuals choose their industry by category such as Construction, Municipalities, Sustainable services, Industrial, Manufacturing, Commercial, Food & Retail, and more. Home pickups can be by Bagster bag, Recycle by Mail, Dumpsters or Curb side Pickup. Some of the Top Waste Management Companies in the USA includes: • Waste Industries USA delivers services in the energy and environmental sectors and a solid waste company. Areas covered are Tennessee, South Carolina, Virginia, Georgia and North Carolina. They cater for the needs of individuals, industrial businesses, commercial sector in collection, transportation and disposal and recycling of waste. • Waste Management Inc. offers services to North America, Canada and Mexico. Undoubtedly are they the largest recycling company in North America and serve a customer base of over 20 million, offering services to commercial and municipalities as well as industrial. Waste Age 100 lists the top and largest waste management companies annually and for the last 4 years running they still remain the largest. • Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. is...

Recycling Laws in the USA

Approximately 360 million tonnes of garbage are produced in America, is what a recent survey states. Solid waste is estimated at 100 million tonnes recycled per year and increases yearly. The Waste Management Law does not play a big role in resource recovery and resource conservation. The recovery rate is only about 30% and significantly less than most other countries. Market forces drove the managing waste by recycling before the solid waste legislation of state and federal laws. Paper drives was often held in the collection of paper and scrap metal dealers bought metal scrap before solid waste law was implemented. Waste management is regulated by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and covers a recycling legislation and solid waste legislation. Open dumps are abolished and guidelines are set in place for managing waste, both solid and hazardous waste management. Recycling was still not encouraged earlier despite the title RCRA carried and they concentrated more on waste management than recycling. During the 1980’s the two states, New Jersey and Rhode Island took a comprehensive approach towards recycling as they had a shortage of land available for landfilling of solid waste and hazardous waste materials. In the 1990 Rhode Island even built a special facility for the processing of recyclables. Other states followed suite and the state legislation stipulated that recycling must fall into different categories, namely, providing recycling opportunities to states, planning for recycling or mandatory source separation. Many states however do not fit...

Hazardous Solid Waste and Management...

Waste is declared hazardous if the potential exists to be harmful or dangerous to the environment or human health. It can be sludge’s, gases, solids or liquids and discarded from industrial, commercial or household products. It includes pesticides, cleaning materials, electronics, paints, oils or by-products during a manufacturing product or process. Waste management methods are specialized and different to the processing of non-hazardous waste. Different types of Hazardous Solid Wastes are: • Household Hazardous waste – Includes leftover and used household products containing reactive, ignitable, toxic and corrosive constituents. Light bulbs, pesticides, batteries, cleaners, paints, oil and medical waste are examples. Managing waste that contains potentially hazardous ingredients are specialized and different collection methods are used as specified by the EPA. • Industrial Hazardous Waste – Industrial facilities, processing units, manufacturing plants, maintenance units, workshops, chemical plants and nuclear facilities all falling under the category. It gets broken down into four different list in regards to safety of removal and disposal of waste: ? F-list – managing waste generated from manufacturing or industrial processes and usually no specific source waste. ? K – list – managing waste from industrial such as wood treatment, petroleum refining, inorganic pigment of chemicals, pesticide manufacturing, veterinary pharmaceuticals, metal production plant and coke production. ? P –list and U –list – Commercial chemical products intended to be discarded or discarded with container residues, listed generic names, and off-specification species or spill residues. P – List is acute hazardous waste...

Solid Waste Policy and types of Non-Hazardous Solid Waste...

These types of policies are essential in the effective management of waste and inputs are taken into consideration from government agencies, businesses, research organisations, citizens, community organisations and stakeholders. Environmental departments of all states in the U.S. are encouraged in the development and implementation of waste management. Solid waste used to refer only to non-hazardous waste, but state regulations and (RCRA) Resource Conservation & Recovery Act identify hazardous waste under the same policy. Different types of non-hazardous solid waste are: • Municipal Solid Waste – this includes not only household garbage, but also horticulture, road sweeping, commercial waste and institutional entities. • Animal and Agricultural Waste – crop residue after harvest as well as secondary residues from fibre, feed and food production. Animal waste includes production operation waste, dead animals, wastewater, manure and urine and all waste generated from feedlots and farms. The mismanagement of animal waste causes environmental problems such as water pollution. • Industrial Waste – Iron and steel, organic and inorganic chemicals, clay, stone, plastics and resins, concrete, glass, food, paper and pulp. The waste management of industrial waste are processed differently and apart from municipal solid waste as it is processed separately of landfilled. • Treatment Waste – consists of metal scraps, coproducts, by-products or sludge. Sludge can be solid, liquid or semi-solid waste from municipal, industrial or commercial wastewater plant, air pollution facility or water supply treatment facility. Electric arc furnace dust is included as treatment waste. Scrap metal...

BACKYARD BURNING

Almost 73% of the dioxins emitted to air in Ireland came from the uncontrolled, low temperature burning of waste. This makes backyard burning of waste the single biggest source of dioxins released into the Irish environment. BACKYARD BURNING – BUT IT IS WHAT WE HAVE ALWAYS DONE!… If you are burning your waste at home, you need to STOP! Many people in Ireland burn waste on their own property. The materials burned are varied and include paper, cardboard, textiles, timber, food, garden clippings, synthetics such as plastic and even glass, metal and household chemicals. This ‘backyard burning’, as it is known, is mistakenly seen as a cheap method of keeping waste out of already overflowing landfills and many presume that it is not harmful to the environment. Nothing could be further from the truth. Practically all uncontrolled low temperature burning of waste releases toxic pollutants directly into the air without treatment or filtering. This is one of the major sources of some pollutants impacting on air quality in Ireland today. SURELY IT DOESN’T DO ANY HARM?… If this is what you believe then you need to read on. Uncontrolled, low temperature burning of municipal waste can impact on human health, food safety and the environment. In fact this uncontrolled “backyard burning” of municipal waste is far more damaging than previously thought. Current research indicates that when municipal waste is burned, in piles in the open, in barrels or open pits, or in commercially available home...