Incineration will not solve Ireland’s waste crisis nor is it intended to. It does, however, form one part of an overall integrated waste management strategy designed to minimise waste production, maximise recycling, recover energy from waste that cannot be recycled and keep landfill to a minimum. This integrated system will ensure that the waste we all produce in Ireland has the least possible impact on our environment.


An Incinerator is a facility dedicated to the thermal treatment of waste.

While thermal treatment plants can operate without generating energy, Irish waste management policy requires thermal treatment facilities to incorporate energy recovery capacity; the energy generated can in turn be used, for example, to power the plant and for district heating systems.

Incineration can include many different technologies including pre-treatment processes where the substances resulting from the treatments are subsequently incinerated. Incineration reduces the volume of waste prior to final disposal, it stabilises and sanitises waste and has the additional benefit of recovering energy in the form of heat and/or electricity which will displace the use of fossil fuels.